PYI - PSS 02-214-400 Dripless Shaft Seal - Type A
The PSS Shaft Seal by PYI is the #1 selling marine mechanical seal worldwide and is installed as standard equipment by many of the worlds most reputable boat builders and boat yards.
The PSS Shaft Seal is also recognized as the premiere retrofit (aftermarket) seal on the world market. Boat builders and boat yards recognize the advantages and value of installing the PSS as it eliminates the maintenance, constant adjustment & cost associated with traditional packing type glands. Aside from these benefits, the PSS Shaft Seal helps to eliminate water in the bilge (100% water tight) & wear to the propeller shaft.
(A) Shaft Diameter: 2 1/4"
(B) Stern Tube Diameter: 4" to 4 1/8"
(C) Uncompressed Length: 9.625"
Approx. Compression: 1"
(D) Rotor Diameter: 4.2"
(E) Stern Cuff Length: 2"
How Does It Work?
The PSS - PYI Type A PSS Shaft Seal is a mechanical face seal. The sealing surface is created between the flat surfaces of the rotating stainless-steel rotor and the stationary carbon flange. The stationary carbon flange is attached to the front side of the bellow with hose clamps, and the back end of the bellow fits over the Stern tube and is secured with hose clamps. The stainless-steel rotor is fit on the shaft in front of the carbon flange. The stainless-steel rotor is used to compress the bellow before the rotor is secured to the shaft with set-screws.
This compression (pre-load) maintains constant contact between the two flat faces of the stainless-steel rotor and carbon flange, allowing the PSS to compensate for the variable fore and aft movement due to propeller thrust.
The carbon flange is over-bored to the shaft diameter allowing it to “float” around the shaft and thus compensate for most misalignment and vibration problems.
The stainless-steel rotor is sealed to the shaft by two O-rings that are recessed into the bore of the collar. These O-rings rotate with the shaft and stainless-steel rotor and do not experience wear during operation.
Temperature Limits: 5°F to 225°F (-15°C to 107°C)
Pressure Limits: 15 PSI (1 BAR)
Shaft RPM Limits: 10,000 RPM
Carbon Graphite: Lapped to 4 HLB (0.000044" tolerance)
316SS / Nitronic 50: Faced to 9 Ra
Bellow Material: Molded Nitrile - PVC
The PSS stainless steel rotor is slid down the shaft and is secured to the shaft with set screws at 90° for maximum holding power. Precision tolerances are maintained by computer controlled lathes. The faces have a number 9 micro finish and are perpendicular to the bore to prevent run-out as the collar rotates. The carbon graphite stator will polish the face of the rotor during the first few minutes of operation.
The stainless steel rotor should not need to be replaced under normal operating conditions. The stainless steel rotor used on the PSS Type A Shaft Seal is made from 316L stainless steel.
The high density, resin impregnated carbon/graphite stator is a composite that is first mixed, molded and then formed under pressure. The blanks are then baked, machined and lapped.
The face of PYI's carbon is finished to a flatness of 4 helium light bands (measured .000044" of variation over entire lapped surface). The grade of carbon used in the PSS has an operating temperature over 500° Fahrenheit (+260° Celsius), and cannot melt if the seal runs dry, unlike a rubber lip seal or plastic face seal.
The high density of the carbon greatly increases the longevity and wear resistance. Several commercial vessels have recorded over 40,000 (over 4-1/2 years of continuous operation) engine hours on the same, original components. The carbon should not need to be replaced under normal operating conditions.
The PSS Type A Shaft Seal bellow is made from rubber (Nitrile), and has a temperature rating of -25°F to +225°F (-31°C to +107°C). Nitrile is known for its resistance to weathering. Nitrile rubber is exceptionally resistant to oils and non-polar solvents. It also offers good gas impermeability, abrasion resistance, and better thermal stability than most general purpose elastomers.
For high speed vessels it is required that a positive water supply be plumbed to the PSS Shaft Seal for the purpose of lubricating and cooling the seal faces. There are many sources of water supply, review the PSS Shaft Seal Installation Instructions for more information and note all plumbing must follow the standards and practices of proper boat plumbing.
In most cases a slow speed boat that does not have a bearing the shaft log does not require positive water feed and can simply be "vented". Ideally the vent line will be run at least 2-3 feet above the water line and is close to the center line as possible to ensure the vent hose is never below the water line, even if the boat heels. Review the PSS Shaft Seal Installation Instructions for more details on venting the seal.
Step-by-step instructions on how to install a PYI PSS Shaft Seal.